OPTICXCESS — 3 Main Elements Compiling Computer Systems and Their Functions
In general, a computer is an electronic device that is used to process data based on procedures that have been formulated so as to produce a piece of information desired by the user. Computers consist of components that work together with one another to be able to produce data or information based on existing instructions and programs.
In a computer system there are three main elements that have an important role in the processing of data on a computer in order to produce a good and valid information in accordance with user needs.
The three elements are hardware (hardware), software (software), and human or user devices (brainware). The following is a complete explanation of the three main elements.
3 Main Elements Compiling Computer Systems
Our first Main elements Compiling Computer Systems is the Computer hardware. Computer hardware is a computer device that can be physically seen and touched by the human senses, the device forms a unity so that it can function based on its use. In general, computer hardware has 4 main functions, namely:
a. Input Tools
An input device is a computer component that functions to enter data or information to be processed by a computer in digital form. Some input components on a computer include a keyboard, mouse, scanner, floppy disk, and CD-ROM.
b. Process tool
Process tools are computer components that function to process data or information received from input components and control the overall performance of a computer system during the data processing or information process. Some components of the process on a computer include a motherboard, processor, power supply, VGA card, and I / O card.
c. Storage Tool
Storage devices are computer components that function as media or data storage places on the computer. The data stored can be in the form of system data, application program data, and data belonging to the user or user. Some storage components on a computer include memory (RAM) and hard disk, and flash disk.
d. Output Tool
An output device is a computer component that functions to display data or information that has been processed by the computer. Some output components on a computer include a Monitor, Printer, and Speaker.
Next Main Elements Compiling Computer Systems is Computer Software. Computer software is a computer device that cannot be physically seen and touched by the human senses. The software, in general, is also known as a computer device that contains commands or instructions that can be understood by computers. Computer software is divided into 2 types, namely system software, and application software.
Computer software is computer software that is directly related to computer hardware components, both in programming and in maintenance. The system software on a computer includes the Operating System, Programming Language, and Utility Program.
a. Operating system
An operating system is a software system on a computer that has the function to control and perform hardware management and basic computer system operations, including running application software such as word processing, numbers, images, and the web. Computers cannot run application programs without an operating system. Examples of computer operating systems include Microsoft Windows (starting from Windows Vista, XP, 7, 8, 8.1, 10 and others), Linux (Slackware, RedHat, Kali, Debian, Ubuntu, and others), Unix, FreeBSD, Solaris, Macintosh, RemixOS, and others.
b. Programming language
A programming language is a software system on a computer that contains a collection of instructions and computer rules, presented in the form of languages or codes that can be understood by computers so that the computer can do the tasks ordered in accordance with the instructions that have been formulated in the programming language.
Based on its level, programming languages on a computer are divided into 3 categories, namely:
- Low-Level Language, for example, is Assembly programming language.
- Middle-Level Language, for example, is the C and C ++ programming languages.
- Hight Level Language, for example, is the BASIC and Pascal programming languages.
c. Utility Program
Utility Program is a software system on a computer that serves to complete the performance of the operating system and improve computer performance. Utility programs that are intended to complement the performance of the operating system, for example, are the antivirus. Most operating systems are not equipped with antivirus, except the company’s Microsoft operating system, Windows, for example, Windows 10. While the utility program to improve computer performance, for example, is Disk Defragment, which is a utility program that has the ability to partition hard disks and tidy up files. data scattered on the hard disk.
Application Software is computer software that functions to assist humans or computer users in completing their work in a particular field. Some examples of computer application software include the following.
a. Desktop Publishing
An application software program that functions to regulate the layout of prints in a script so that it is ready to be printed. Examples are Ventura Publisher, Page Maker, Adobe Indesign, and others.
b. Spread Sheet Program
An application software program that functions to create documents in the form of data in row and column format. Examples are Microsoft Excel and Lotus Improve.
c. Word Processing
An application software program that functions to create and edit a document in the form of a text script. Examples are Microsoft Word, Open Office Writer, Lotus Ampiro, ABI Word, Word Perfect, and WPS Office Word.
d. Database Management System
An application software program that functions to manage data on a large number of computers. The management process includes adding data, deleting data, editing data, and storing data, so that it will then produce a piece of information needed by a program on the computer. This data management process is known as the DBMS (Database Management System). Examples are Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL, Paradox, Appreach, and others.
An application software program that functions for the purposes of creating and editing data in the form of images and videos. Examples are Adobe Photoshop, Corel Draw, Stanford Graphics, Visio, and others.
f. Accounting Program
It is application software that functions to manage data related to the process of calculation, finance, and accounting. Examples are MYOB, Dac Easy Accounting, Pacioli Zoo, PeachTree Accounting, and others.
g. Statistics Program
Is an application software that functions to conduct research related to statistical analysis. Examples are SAS, SPSS, Statistica, and others.
Application software that functions to communicate with other computer users, both those who are in one local or different network. Examples are Datafax, Pro Comn Plus, Crass Talk, Carbon Copy, and others.
It is application software that works to connect computers with media equipment such as digital cameras and video players. Examples are Windows Media Player, K-Lite Codec, GOM Player, and others.
j. The game
It is the most favored application software by computer users, especially among children to adults. This application software serves to perform a digital game that is intended as a medium of entertainment for computer users. Examples are Flight Emulators, Base Ball, PES, Prince of Persia, and others.
Human or User Device (Brain ware)
Human or User Device (Brain ware)
Last Main Elements Compiling Computer Systems is a Human or user. Human devices or users (brain ware) are humans, users, or users who use computer devices, both computer hardware, and software. Users on a computer are divided into 3 groups, which is:
- Systems Analyst is someone who does a system analysis design which will then be done by a programmer.
- The programmer is someone who works on a program based on system analysis provided by a system analyst.
- The operator is someone who runs a program that has been done by a programmer.
Thus the article discusses the Main Elements Compiling Computer Systems. Don’t forget to keep on updating your information with interesting and certainly useful articles In OPTICXCESS.